The evolution of text-to-image generation: a guide to AI innovation


In recent years, the landscape of generative artificial intelligence (AI) has developed rapidly, particularly in the area of text-to-image generation. This progress allows us to move from simple text descriptions to visually stunning images that push the boundaries of creativity.

From the beginnings to the present day

The journey began with basic encoder-decoder models and led to the groundbreaking Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs), which ushered in a new era in image generation. GANs use a two-headed network, consisting of a generator and a discriminator, which aims to create convincing images that are almost indistinguishable from real ones. Shortly afterwards, text was integrated into the image generation.

Tolga Dincer

Tolga Dincer

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This post was written by Tolga

The revolution with CLIP and DALL-E

OpenAI’s CLIP, released in 2021, made a significant breakthrough by learning visual concepts through natural language guidance and bridging the gap between text and images. This was followed shortly afterwards by DALL-E, a system based on CLIP and the diffusion model to generate complex and detailed images from simple text descriptions.

Left: DALL-E 2 // Right: DALL-E 3

The future: Stable diffusion and text-to-video

The introduction of Stable Diffusion 3 in 2024 set a new standard that surpasses previous systems such as DALL-E 3. These developments open up new horizons not only for text-to-image, but also for text-to-video generation, which is currently attracting a great deal of attention.

Challenges and outlook

Despite the remarkable progress, we face legal, ethical and technical challenges, including privacy concerns, bias during training and handling complex prompts. However, ongoing research and development in this area promise to overcome these challenges and further expand the possibilities of generative AI.

In this dynamic and fast-moving field of generative AI, one thing remains clear: we are only at the beginning of a revolution that will fundamentally change the way we create, communicate and interact.

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